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Marriage Workbook

By Craig Caster

GLOSSARY

Abide: “To stay, remain, to continue in a place, to endure without yielding.”

Affirm: means to confirm, assert as valid, assert positively.

Agape: The response of God’s heart toward unworthy sinners; God’s love demonstrated in self-sacrifice for the benefit of the objects of His love. “God’s essential quality that seeks the best interests of others regardless of the others’ actions.” “It involves God doing what He knows is best for man and not necessarily what man desires…His son to bring forgiveness to man.” It is choosing to love.

Arrogant or proud: to be conceited; feeling or showing self-importance, disregard for others. Prideful; giving oneself high rank, or an undue degree of significance.

Bears all things: bears, stego (Greek), means to hide, to conceal. Love hides the faults of others, or covers them up. It keeps out resentment as the ship keeps out the water, or the roof the rain.

Believing: is pisteuo (Greek), and means having faith in, or to be firmly persuaded in something. It indicates that there is an attitude of expectant hope.

Brag: to talk about oneself, or things pertaining to oneself, in a boastful manner; to boast.

Companion: one who has accompanied, or is in company, with another; a spouse, an associate, an interest of some special relationship as a spouse, or comrade.

Comparable: means one who is the counterpart, the other side, a part opposite, a mate, a companion, but not identical. 

Compromise: to settle differences by mutual consensuses.

Correction: God’s Word tells us how to restore something to its proper condition, setting upright something that has fallen, pointing to godly living.

Defile: miano (Greek), to stain with color as the staining of glass, to tinge, pollute, defile.

Discipline: Hupopiazo (Greek), was used to describe boxers giving knockout blows; punches to the part of the face right under the eyes, until they were black and blue. (Related passages: 1 Timothy 4:7-8; Jude 3; 2 Peter 1:5-6.)

Divine power: power is dunamis (Greek), which translates as dynamic strength, or ability to do what only God can do.

Doctrine: God’s divine instruction provides a comprehensive and complete body of divine truth necessary for life, godliness and family.

Edification: oikodome (Greek), means to build up for the spiritual profit or advancement of someone else, and also used to indicate building up a house or structure.

Endure all things: to endure, hupomeno (Greek), means to abide under, to bear up under, suffer, as a load of miseries. Also patient acquiescence, holding its ground when it can no longer believe nor hope.

Enraptured: sagah (Hebrew) Isaiah used this verb to suggest swerving, meandering, or reeling in drunkenness (Isa. 28:7). At times, it could define intoxication, not only from wine or beer but also from love (Prov. 5:19, 20).

Envy: this is discontent or uneasiness at the sight of another’s excellence or good fortune, accompanied with some degree of hatred and a desire to possess equal advantages; malicious grudging.

Expectation: means the anticipation or notion of something happening, an expected standard.

Forsake: means to deny. This verse is telling us to daily align our priorities to God’s Word, which places His will over ours.

Gentle: “denotes seemly, fitting; hence, equitable, fair, moderate, forbearing, not insisting on the letter of the law; it expresses that considerateness that looks humanely and reasonably at the facts of a case.”

Genuineness: dokimion (Greek), means something that has been tested and approved. It was used to describe metals that had been through a process to remove all impurities.

Glorify: To reflect, to honor, praise, to give esteem or honor by putting Him into an honorable position.

Heart: Lebab(Hebrew), meaning heart, mind, inner person. The primary usage of this word describes the entire disposition of the inner person. Kardia (Greek, is the seat of the desires, feelings, affections, passions, impulses, i.e., the heart or mind.

Helper: azar (Hebrew), a verb meaning to aid, to support, give encouragement, one who surrounds, protects, and helps another.

Helper: Ezer (Hebrew), refers to aid or assistance that is given…indicates persons who give help: the woman created as Adam’s complementary helper (Gen. 2:18, 20); the word also refers to the Lord as Israel’s help (Hos. 13:9); the Lord as Israel’s chief Helper (Ex. 18:4; Deut. 33:7; Ps. 33:20; 115:9–11).

Helper: is one who comes along and assists, not leads, but assists.

Instruction in righteousness: Scripture provides positive training (“instruction” originally referred to training a child) in godly behavior, not merely rebuke and correction of wrong behavior (Acts 20:32; 1 Tim. 4:6; 1 Pet. 2:1,2).

Kind: chrestos (Greek), to do good; denotes being gentle, merciful, sympathetic, gracious and good natured in contrast to harsh, hard, sharp, bitter or cruel. The term also expresses the idea of moral excellence.

Knowledge of Him: knowledge is epignosis (Greek), which means thorough participation in acquiring knowledge.

Longsuffering, or patience: to be long-tempered, the opposite of hasty anger, instead it involves exercising understanding and patience toward people. It also requires that we endure circumstances, not losing faith or giving up.

Meditate: In the biblical world, meditation was not a silent practice. It meant to moan, utter or growl muttering sounds, like reading half aloudor conversing with oneself, interacting with the text so that it would soak into your mind. As a tea bag soaking in water permeates the liquid, so meditating on Scriptures permeates our minds.

Minister: (noun) A servant or waiter, one who oversees, governs and fulfills. 

Minister: (verb) To adjust, regulate and set in order; to serve, render service to another; to labor for the Lord as a servant. 

Not rejoicing in unrighteousness (iniquity): this means that when you see someone fall into sin, or make a mistake, you are not happy about it and/or vindictive toward him or her.

Perfected: teleio(Greek), translates “to make complete,” which indicates that something is in process. “Particularly with the meaning to bring to a full end, completion, reaching the intended goal, to finish a work or duty.”

Phileo: The response of the human spirit to what appeals to it as pleasurable. “Phileo seems to be clearly distinct (from agape) and speaks of esteem, high regard, and tender affection and is more emotional.” Phileo is friendship love, determined by the pleasure that one receives from the object of that love. Phileo is conditional love.

Preference: what one prefers, before or above another. It is neither right nor wrong but personal preference.

Provide: pronoeo (Greek), means “to give careful thought to, take thought for, take into consideration, have regard for, to think about beforehand in a solicitous manner, to care for in providing for someone else.”

Purpose: an intended, or desired, result or goal.

React: The dictionary defines the word react in the following way: “to act in response to a stimulant or to stimulus, to act in opposition.”

Reacting in the Flesh: can be defined as a Christian reacting to a situation in a sinful manner, in the habit of their old fallen nature, or reacting in their own strength and understanding rather than the power and wisdom of the Holy Spirit.

Rejoicing in the truth: this means that you have great joy, or you are able to rejoice at what is true, based on God’s promises.

Repent: To resolve; to amend one’s life as a result of contrition for one’s sins; to feel regret for one has done or omitted to do before God. To turn around and go another direction; to change one’s mind, will and life, resulting in a change of behavior; to do things another way.

Reproof: God’s Word tells us what is wrong or sinful in belief and behavior.

Respond: According to the dictionary, when we respond to someone, we “react positively or favorably.”

Responding in love: For a Christian, this means responding to a situation with the inward guidance, love, wisdom and power of the Holy Spirit.

Rightly dividing: has the idea of cutting something straight as you would in carpentry, masonry or with cutting a piece of cloth to be sewn together. 

Rude: characterized by roughness; harsh, severe, ugly, indecent, or offensive in manner or action.

Satisfy: rawah (Hebrew) A verb meaning to give water, to drench; to drink one’s fill. It refers to giving someone a drink literally and figuratively (Ps. 36:8[9]; 65:10 [11). It means to drink all that one wants, to satisfy (Prov. 5:19; 7:18).

Security: is the state of being free from danger or threat, having confidence that one is secure, and that one’s wellbeing is assured by another, as in a wife resting securely in the husband’s leadership.

Seek and set your mind: Imperative verbs, indicating the action is a continual process. “Seek” means to look for and strive to find. “Set your mind” refers to the will, affections and conscience.

Seek first: A command to do and never stop. The promise is that when you do, all these things shall be added to you.” When interpreting “all these things” you need to take into account that this sermon starts at Matt. 5:1, known as the Sermon on the Mount. The immediate context (v 31) speaks of food, drink and clothing; if Christ will take care of those needs when we seek Him first, how much more will He give us all things for our marriages.

Seek your own way: this is a person who pursues what best fits their own interests, without any concern of how their actions or ways affect others. This person is not willing to receive input, which includes instruction from God’s perspective or their spouse.

Study: this word is an imperative verb, meaning it is a command to do and to continue to do. The word denotes a zealous persistence, to be diligent, to make every effort to do one’s best, to be eager and earnest in accomplishing a goal.

Submit: hupotasso (Greek), which is defined as a voluntary attitude of giving in, cooperating, assuming responsibility, and carrying a burden.

Thinks no evil: logizomai (Greek), is used as an accounting term, meaning to put things together in one’s mind, to count or add up, to occupy oneself with calculations.

Thoroughly equipped for every good work: It is God’s intention for us to both understand His will and be empowered to follow through in obedience, by following the biblical principles in His Word.

To glorify: means to reflect, to honor, praise, to give esteem or honor by putting Him into an honorable position.

Transformed: is metamorphóō (Greek), from which we derive our English word metamorphosis: to change into something entirely different, as a caterpillar to a butterfly.

Truth: comes from the Word of God, makes clear what is wright and wrong.

Workmanship: polema (Greek), from which we get our English word poem. Means to make something, a work, a workpiece, workmanship, and or masterpiece. 

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